Geography Tourism

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  • Tourism
    • Varying NATURES of tourism
      • Types of Destinations
        • Places of scenic beauty
          • Honeypot Tourism
            • Attracts tourist due to site's scenic beauty
            • Example!
              • Victoria Falls is located on the Zambezi River on the boundary of Zimbabwe and Zambia in Africa.
                • The beauty of the rising mist and the roar of the falling water attract more that 300,000 visitors a year.
                  • Tourist facilities have been developed in the surrounding area to serve needs of tourist, in turn attracting more tourists to visit Victoria Falls.
        • Places of conlict
          • Dark Tourism
            • Includes battlefields, fortifications, museums and memorials at locations that are important in modern history
              • Example
                • Cu Chi and Vinh Moc Tunnels, Vietnam carries tnnels which were dug and used in the 1960s and the 1970s by the Vietcong to hide from the American forced who supported South Vietnam.
        • Places with rich culture
          • Pilgrimage (Religious) Tourism
            • Example
              • The annual Hajj to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is the world's largest pilgrimage. It attracts over three million pilgrims that include 1.8 million from other countries. People will always be visiting Mecca as it is a religious duty for every physically able Muslim.
          • Heritage Tourism
            • To understand the history of the places better. Heritage sites and activities help reinforce national identities for domestic tourists.
            • Example:)
              • London, UK attracts over 15 million international tourists each year to sites such as the Tower of London and Buckingham Palace.
          • Film-induced Tourism
            • ExampleZ
              • The 3-D film Avatar, which featured scenery inspired by Zhangjiajie National Forest Park in China. Local officials renamed one of the park's rock columns as the Avatar Hallelujah Mountain. There are now also special tours that tourist can join. All these serve to encourage tourist to visit the park.
        • SPACE tourism
          • The Russian Space Agency organises trips to the International Space Station. These trips are exclusive and very costly. Each tourist pays US$20 million to US$35 million to be in space for 8-15 days.
        • Places with good fascilities
          • Medical Tourism
            • A growing number of people are travelling internationally for medical and health reasons. Most are from Developed Countries such as the USA and UK. While some are from less developed countries seeking better medical treatment that what is available in their home countries.
            • EXAMPLE!
              • In 2010, Tourism reciepts from medical travellers hit an estimated $940 million SGD, a jump of $200 million SGD compared to a year before.
                • This is because Singapore has advance medical facilities and advanced ground-breaking technologies.
          • Health Tourism
            • This form of visit can include visits to spa towns, thermal springs and mud pools. By immersing in mud baths or massages, visitors to these centres hope to gain therapeutic value from these minerals.
            • Example
          • Educational Tourism
            • Example!! The United Kingdom attracts more than one people annually from overseas to study. Education fees, accommodation and recreational spending are estimated to earn the country over US $4 billion annually.
          • Theme parks
          • MICE
            • MICE locations usually have venues that can host large-scale events such as meetings and conventions.
              • They are also supporting infrastructure and services such as hotels and retail shops.
                • These attract organiser who organise trade fairs and international conferences, bringing in more business travellers.
              • Example:)
                • As the top MICE destination, Singapore has hosted important meetings, conventions and events.
                  • These include the Annual Meetings of the Boards of Governors of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2006 and the Youth Olympic Games in 2010.
                    • According to the Singapore Tourism Board(STB), Singapore drew 3.2 million business travellers in 2012. These business travellers accounted for 24 percent of all visitors to Singapore that year.
      • Promoting tourism
        • Roles
          • Government
            • They are directly involved in planning, funding and building infrastructure projects linked to tourism, such as airports, roads and ports.
              • They may also set up agencies that devise strategies to help promote tourism in their country. These strategies may include marketing campaigns and promotional events.
            • Example!!!
              • Singapore Tourism Board is a government agency that promotes Singapore as a tourist destination. The STB also develops tourism as an industry, fascilitating tourism-related businesses to invest in SIngapore.
          • Media
            • Positive reports, such as the friendliness of the local population, an interesting culture, good shopping opportunities and attractive scenery, can encourage tourissts ti visit. On the other hand, negative reports (i.e. disease outbreaks) can deter visitors both immediately and for many years to come.
          • International Organisations
            • Is a group of different countries that work together for a common purpose. REports produced by international organisations can encourage or discourage tourists in visiting a place. Examples of such organisations include the Organisation for economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Tourism Committee and the UNWTO.
            • Example
              • UNWTO promotes tourism as a way of spurring economic growth and environmental sustainability. It also strives to improve tourism knowledge and tourism policies worldwide.
          • Travel Writers
            • Travel Writers evaluate the destination for their readers. The evaluation may inspire readers to travel to destinations that they may not have thought before.
              • Since their articles can be found in travel guidebooks, travelogues and even accessed via their reviews play a large role in deciding the place of visit.
    • Tourist are persons travelling to and staying in a places outside their USUAL environment for more than 24 hours but not more than a year for leisure, business and other purposes.

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