The third way

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  • Third Way
    • All things in nature are subsequent to change
      • it is possible for something not to be, then to come into existence and then cease to exist.
        • if this is so, then at some time there was nothing.
          • If this is so then there must be something that brings contingent things into existence since nothing can come from nothing.
    • Our existence depends on external forces
      • eg our parents meeting
    • There must be something that is necessary
      • There must be a necessary being which choses other necessary and contingent beings - God
    • Therefore there must be a being that necessarily exists to bring the contingent world into being. God.
    • Everything that begins to exist has a cause, the universe began to exist and therefore must have a cause.
      • If time is infinite there must have been a time where nothing existed
        • Contingency, if things are contingent they cannot exist forever
          • if there was a time when nothing existed then there would still be nothing - nothing can bring itself into existence therefore the cause of the universe must be external to it and must have always existed.
    • Everything in this world has a finite and conditioned existence that is dependant for its existence on an infinite unconditioned cause (God)
    • 'We find in nature things that are possible to be and not to be, since they are found to be generated, and to be corrupted, and consequently, it is possible for them to be and not to be' - Aquinas.


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