Gallipoli campaign

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Gallipoli Campaign
  • Helles beach
    • Gallipoli Campaign
    • Under hail of machine gun fire
    • Impractical to clear minefields
  • Origins
    • No danger of trench warfare
  • Sulvla bay
    • Withdrawal
      • Submarine campaign
        • In April 1915, British, French and ANZAC troops attacked Helles beach
          • Helles beach
            • Under hail of machine gun fire
            • Impractical to clear minefields
        • They had to dig trenches to get out of the way of the firing line
          • By May, the British had lost thousands of troops
            • Reduce pressure on other fronts
              • Origins
                • No danger of trench warfare
            • Improve the sea routes
              • Turkey was one of Germany's most vulnerable allies
                • Stalemate on the Western Front
                  • Use of subs to attack Constantinople
                    • Submarine campaign
                    • Sank large numbers of turk warships and merchant vessels
                      • August, General Sir Ian Hamilton ordered an attack on Sulvla bay
                        • Sulvla bay
                        • Involved over 60,000 soldiers
                          • Didn't break through the turks
                            • Frostbite from the cold Turkish weather
                              • Withdrawal
                              • By November 2915, troops were short of supplies
                                • Weren't making any progress
                                  • March 1915, Warships began their assault on strong forts that lined Dardanelles
                                    • Rear-Admiral Robeck decided the army should launch a land invasion and capture Dardanelles
                                      • 3 British and French battle cruisers sank
                                        • British lost 2/3 of their battleships

                                          Comments

                                          No comments have yet been made

                                          Similar History resources:

                                          See all History resources »See all Causes and effects of WW1 resources »