The purges

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  • The Purges
    • 1928
      • 55 engineers put on trial (5 shot, 49 imprisoned
    • 1932
      • Ryutin (opposed stalin's methods) put on trial and supporters
        • Expelled from party- exiled
    • 1935
      • After murder of Kirov, thousands of communist party members were arrested
        • 40,000 in Leningrad alone
    • 1936
      • 'Show trials' of the old bolsheviks
      • Opposition leaders were arrested and confessedto plotting after NKVD (secret police)
    • 1937
      • Remove of any opposition of red army + ensure total obedience
      • Generals were  shot and arrested
        • By 1941 almost 90% of all soviet generals had been purged
    • 1938
      • Almost every party state leader in soviet republics had been purged
      • Called a halt to thepurges
      • Blamed the secret police (purged them to remove knowlege)
    • 1940
      • Trotsky was murdered by one of Stalin's agents in mexico
    • Show trials
      • The accused were put on trial in full view of the world
      • Forced to confess to a range of crimes, including a plott o kill lenin
      • Physically and psychologically tortured by the secret police
      • Threatened their families with imprisonment or death
      • Gave Stalin a reason to kill people (justified it)
    • Effects
      • Military
        • Army and navy weakened
        • Almost led to defeat in 1941 against Hitler's army
      • Political
        • Old Bolsheviks removed
        • expelled from communist party
      • Social
        • families fell apart- turned against each other
        • Children left on the street
      • psycological
        • Fear
        • No trust
        • No one felt secure
      • Economic
        • Job losses
        • Able workers were killed/ arrested
        • Quality of produce decreased

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