The Purges

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 30-04-13 20:46
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  • The purges
    • 1928 Donbass mining region accused of sabotage first 5YP
    • Kirovs murder 1934
      • was seen as Stalins successor
        • Leader of Leningrad communist party
      • beginning of the purges
    • controlled by secret police
    • Ryutin verbally attacked stalin 1933-1934 one million members of CPSU ecxcluded for being Ryutinites
    • Paranoia
      • removed all opposition
      • Purge of the party removed rivals
      • purge of the army (Trotsky had been in charge)
      • Purge of Yagoda (1936) had sided with Bukharin in 1928
      • scapegoat for 5 year plans blamed the people
      • those arrested used as slave labour
      • threatened in popularity by Kirov
    • 1936 Constitution
      • New laws for Russia confirming Stalin and the communist control
      • Guranteed freedom of speech, equal rights and freedom of press and elections every 4 years but the communists controlled these areas
    • 1. 3 moscow show trials - trial of the 16,17 and 21  PURGE OF THE PARTY
      • Trial of the 16 purging of the left Zinoviev Kamanev and 14 others - charged with Kirovs murder - show trials
      • Trial of the 21 purging of the right Bukharin and Rykov and 18 others
    • 2. NKVD reorganised and Yagoda replaced 1936 PURGE OF THE ARMED FORCES
      • 3/5 marshalls dismissed
      • All naval admirals shot
      • All bar one pilot
      • 1/4 commissioned officer corps
    • 3. Mass murder THE PURGE OF THE PEOPLE
      • 1 in every 8  arrested
      • people turn in friends family to protect themselves
      • NKVD had quotas of people to remove
    • Results
      • political and social weapon
      • 1933-1944 one million arrested
      • 1937 7/8million sent to labour camps
      • 1939 - 1million shot

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