The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)

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  • The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
    • Causes
      • Gascony
        • Wine industry
          • Money
            • Wool industry, Flanders
              • France wanted to take over
        • France wanted it
      • Wool industry, Flanders
        • France wanted to take over
      • Edward wanted to be king of France
        • Thought he had better claim to throne
          • Grandfather was King of France
      • France helping Scotalnd
        • England and Scotland conflict
    • What Happened?
      • First stage (1337-1360)
        • Battles
          • Crecy (1346)
          • Poitiers (1356)
        • Claimed Calais
          • Largest port near England
        • French king at ransom
      • Second Stage (1370-1413)
        • French get back some land
      • Final stage (1413-1453)
        • Henry V King
          • Battle of Agincourt (1415)
            • 3:1- France:Britian
              • But 7,000 to 10,000 French died
            • Treaty of Troyes (1420)
          • Died aged 35  in 1422
            • 9 month son took over
              • France Regained most land apart from Calais
        • Joan of Arc
          • Inspired French
            • France Regained most land apart from Calais
    • Impact
      • France damaged
        • Most fighting in France
          • Horses and goods stolen
        • Most casualties French
      • Cost
        • Higher taxes to pay for war
          • French set up taxing system
            • europe's first full-time army
        • England lost money
          • Normandy
          • Aquitaine
      • Military
        • Weapons
          • Bow and arrow
            • foot> cavalry
          • gunpowder
            • Decline in castles
          • Cannons
        • foot> cavalry
      • French Unity
        • nobles of territories killed
          • French king central leader
            • French nationalism

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