Textiles

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  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 26-04-13 13:38
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  • Textiles
    • Section A
      • Question 1a
        • Things you could talk about for the specification
          • One or more decorative techniques
          • Budget/price point
          • Target market
          • Colour
        • Why create a mood board?
          • Ideas for colour
          • Design ideas
          • Ideas for style
        • What you need to find out before you start designing
          • Fabric and components available
          • Machinery available
          • Textile techniques
          • What products have sold well in the past
      • Question 1b
        • b (ii)
          • Develop idea
          • Show from more angles
          • Why your product would sell well
        • b (i)
          • Fabrics
          • 2 designs
          • Colour (if stated)
          • Techniques
          • Components
          • Annotate
      • 35 MINS
    • Section B
      • 1:25 HOUR
      • Answer and lable questions about different parts of textiles
    • Fibres
      • Animal
        • Angora
        • Wool
          • Elastic - crease resistant
          • Warmest natural fibre
          • Water repellent
          • Hairy surface - irritant
          • Shrinks when washed
        • Mohair
        • Silk
          • soft, smooth, shiny
          • Filament fibre
          • Strongest natural fibre
          • Does not crease easily
          • Needs to be laundered carefully
          • Expensive to produce and buy
        • Natural
          • Flax
          • Cotton
            • Creases easily
            • Cool to wear because fibres lie close together
            • Strong
            • Fine and Flexible
            • Washes well
            • Absorbs water easily
            • Shirts, summer dresses, sheets, towels
            • Stains are absorbed
            • Takes a long time to dry
          • Linen
            • smooth fabric
            • dries quicker than cotton
            • towles, trousers
            • cool to wear
            • Creases easily
            • More expensive than cotton
          • Coir
      • Natural
        • Flax
        • Cotton
          • Creases easily
          • Cool to wear because fibres lie close together
          • Strong
          • Fine and Flexible
          • Washes well
          • Absorbs water easily
          • Shirts, summer dresses, sheets, towels
          • Stains are absorbed
          • Takes a long time to dry
        • Linen
          • smooth fabric
          • dries quicker than cotton
          • towles, trousers
          • cool to wear
          • Creases easily
          • More expensive than cotton
        • Coir
      • Small hair like structures that are used to make fabrics.
      • Micro Fibres
        • Polyester or nylon microfibres - finer than human hair
        • Blended with synthetic or natural fibres
        • Used for: Sports waer and out door pursuit clothing
        • stretchy and warm when heat-treated
      • Nano fibres
        • Tiny molecules which improve fibres
        • Used so fabrics will repel water, wont stain and won't crease when washed
      • Synthetic
        • Nylon
          • Strong and elastic
          • Clothes
          • Collects static elec
        • Acrylic
          • Fake fur for toys
        • Polyester
          • Resists creases
          • Colthing
          • Does not absorb moisture
        • Polar fleece
          • Warm and light weight
          • Not windproof
        • Made from chemicals, coal and oil
      • Regenerated
        • Made from natural and synthetic
        • Tencel
          • Out door fabric
          • Weather resistante
        • Lyocell
          • Outer wear clothes e.g. coats
        • Viscose
          • Light weight clothing
    • Decorative and enhancement
      • Dying
        • Hand
        • Commercial: used for colours that do not need to change too quickly with fashion
        • Batch
      • Printing
        • Rotary screen printing - continous printing
        • Block
        • Flat-bed
        • Screen printing
      • Applique
      • Beading
      • Quilting
      • Patchwork
    • Fabrics
      • Wovern
        • Weft - run horizontally Warp - run vertically
        • Strong, frays, does not loose shape
      • Non wovern
        • Made from raw fibres using: chemicals, heat or stitching
        • Examples: Felts, bonded felts Laminated felts - gortex
        • Weak, cheap, easily torn
      • Knitted
        • Made from loops
        • Stretches and looses shape
    • Modern textiles
      • Smart
        • Goretex: breathable, lightweight, waterproof. Used on jackets and shoes.
        • Body enhancing fabrics: plasters with painkillers
        • Memory textiles: shape memory
        • Thermochromic fabrics: dyes that change colours at certain temps.
      • Technical textiles
        • Used in industries: Aerospace, Medicine, Military, Health and Safety and Transport.
        • Manfactured for functionality
    • Production methods
      • Batch
        • Specific number produced at a time
      • Mass
        • A large number produced
        • 24/7
        • Produced at low cost
        • Socks, t-shirts
      • One-off
        • Only one unique item is made
    • CAD & CAM
      • CAD
        • Computer Aided Design
        • Quick to change and modify
        • Sent to other countrys
      • CAM
        • Computer Aided Manufacture
        • It is very accurate and reduces time of production
        • cuts many layers of fabric at one time
        • very expensive to buy machines
    • Social, cultural and enviromental issues
      • Life style and fashion
        • Gender images and peer group pressure.
      • Trend  forecasts
        • Judge and identify emerging trends and predict future trends
      • Globalisation
        • Costs are driven down in the global market place.
    • Ethical trading
      • Packagaing
        • Packaging should be recycable or biodegradable
        • Companies are trying tuce the use of packaging to make industry more eco friendly
      • Recyling
        • Plastic bottles are recycled to produce polar fleece
        • Reduces the need for new materials and reduces waste
        • Taking them to charity shops or recycling centres
        • Resued for patchwork or rag rugs
      • Fair trade
        • Means that producers get a fair, realistic price for their product
        • Poor working conditions and exploitation of workers should not be allowed
      • Eco label
        • Used on products that contain no harmful substances and has minimal effect to the enviroment
      • Waste
        • Dyeing - contaminate water and uses energy to heat water
        • Reduce dye waste - use natural dyes or cold water dyes
        • Waste from production should be reduced to prevent going to landfill
    • Quality assurance
      • Guarantee of quality
      • Ensures: high quality and fit for purpose

Comments

neha

amazing 


Dani

thanks rebecca fuber ( your secret admirer)


Dani

can u rate mine ive don urs


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