Testicular Cancer

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  • TESTICULAR CANCER
    • Signs / Symptoms
      • Lump/swelling on one of testicles either side
      • Feeling heaviness or weighing down on scrotum
      • Occasional sharp pain/ache
      • General feeling of being ill
      • Hydrocele - fluid collected in scrotum
      • Tiredness
      • Occasional / continuous ache in lower abdomen
    • Risk factors
      • Smoking
      • Being infertile
      • Family history
      • Having HIV or Aids
      • Height - being very tall
      • Age - 15 - 44 - 95% under 55
      • Race - more common in white men
    • Treatment
      • Depends on stage of cancer
      • Orchidectomy - surgically removing affected testicle
      • Seminomas stage 1 - single dose of chemotherapy and recommended radiotherapy
      • Non-seminomas stage 1  - close follow up, chemotherapy and combination of medications
      • Stage 2 + 3 - 3-4 cycles of chemotherapy with different medications
      • Stage 4 - additional surgery
    • Prevention
      • Regularly checking testicles
      • Not smoking
    • 2 Types
      • Seminomas
        • Develops more slowly
        • Less likely to spread
      • Non-seminomas
        • Develops faster
        • More likely to spread through lymph system

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