The Teleological Argument

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  • Teleological Argument
    • WHAT?
      • Looks at the idea of purpose and order in universe
      • Evidence for design in universe- POSTERIORI
      • INDUCTIVE argument- Reasoning that takes specific incidents then draws a general conclusion
      • "TELOS"- END/ PURPOSE
      • Concerned with the reason why the world functions in an orderly& intelligent manner
      • DESIGN QUA REGULARITY
      • DESIGN QUA PURPOSE
    • AQUINAS -DESIGN QUA REGULARITY:
      • Natural objects act towards an end/goal for a purpose
        • Their actions are not random but ordered
          • Must be directed in its action
            • Must be an intelligent being- Directs movement- GOD
              • e.g.( arrow shot to target by an archer)
    • PALEY'S- DESIGN QUA PURPOSE:
      • Uses watch analogy-Required that a watchmaker had put the complex mechanism together for its specific purpose
      • Intricacy& careful ordering- too precise for it to come about by chance
    • CRITICISMS OF THE ARGUMENT:
      • MILL: EMPIRCIST
        • If there was a creator, then he certainly wasn't the God suggested by classical theism
        • "If the maker of the world can do alll that he wills, he wills misery"
      • DARWIN: NATURALIST
        • Evolution- operates "blind", "Survival of the fittest"- Natural selection
        • No over-ridding purposeful design
      • HUME: EMPIRICIST
        • 1.Weak Analogy
        • 2.Order does not prove Design.
        • 3.Cause and Effect
        • 4.Not the Christian God
        • 5. More than one God
        • 6. Universe is Unique
      • "The only watchmaker in nature is the blind force of physics"- Dawkins

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