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  • Created by: GrB
  • Created on: 04-10-15 17:36
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  • Structures
    • Binary
      • A piece which has two sections
      • Often used in Baroque dances
      • Each section is repeated (AABB)
      • Section B contrasts with section A, this is often done by modulating to related keys
    • Ternary
      • Three sections
      • Each section repeats (AABBAA)
      • Section A ends in the home key with a perfect cadence, section B modulates to a related key and ends in the home key, the final section is the same as the first or slightly varied, if it is varied it is called A1
    • Rondo
      • Can have any number of sections
      • ABACAD...
      • Section A is called the refrain or main theme, other sections are called episodes
      • Section A is in the home key
    • Theme and Variation
      • Theme is often a memorable tune, played first. Each variation is played after a short pause, they are all self contained pieces of music
        • A Ground bass is a type of T and V. A repeated bass line is played with increasingly complex melodies being added over the ground. It is used in baroque dances like the chaconne and passacaglia
      • Each variation should sound like the theme but be different to the others
      • The theme can be varied by adding notes, taking notes away, adding a countermelody or changing the metre
    • Concerto
      • First movement- sonata form, brisk and purposeful
      • Second movement- ternary or variation form, slower and song-like
      • Third movement- rondo, variation or sonata form
    • Symphony
      • Usually four movements, at least one in sonata form
    • Sonatas
      • Usually four movements
      • One or more movements is in sonata form
    • Overtures and Suites
      • An overture is a one movement piece for orchestra
        • They usually open ballets or operas
        • They contain themes from the main work
      • Suites are orchestral arrangements of the music played in operas or ballets
    • Sonata Form
      • Exposition ends in a different key
      • Development, the theme goes through variations
      • Recapitulation, themes are played again


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