Septet in Eb: movement 1 - Beethoven

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  • Septet in Eb: movement 1 - Beethoven
    • Metre
      • Allegro con brio: 2/2
      • Adagio: 3/4
    • Structure
      • Sonata Form: Exposition, Development, Recapitulation
        • CODA longer than in classical compositions
    • Tonality
      • 1st subject: Eb major
      • Modulations to closely related keys
      • 2nd Subject: Bb major (dominant) but Eb in recap
      • Functional tonality
      • Development = C minor to Ab major then to F minor
    • Resources
      • Septet: double bass, violin, viola, clarinet in Bb, Horn in Eb
      • Horn & bassoon have harmonic counterpoint
      • Violin & viola: double stopping (bar1)
      • Double bass has textural depth
      • Violin & clarinet have main melodic interest
    • Rhthym
      • Continuous triplet rhythm (bar76-79)
      • Syncopation (bar45-46)
      • Many themes begin on an anacrusis.
    • Background
      • Chamber music for 7 players: 1799
      • Beethoven: crossover between Classical & Romantic
    • Harmony
      • Imperfect cadence (bars7-8)
      • Root & 1st inversion chords with occasional 2nd inversion
      • Functional with clear perfect cadences
      • Pedal notes
      • Occasional chromatic chords: German augmented 6th (bar7)
      • Intro ends with dom 7th chord
    • Texture
      • Slow intro: tutti homophonic chords
        • monophonic violin (bar 2)
      • Mostly MDH
      • Antiphonal exchanges between clarinet & bassoon
      • Pedal notes add textural stability
    • Melody
      • Usually periodic & balanced phrasing
      • Mainly diatonic with brief chromaticism
        • Chromatic scales sometimes used as lead into a melody (b69)
        • Chromatic scale b25-26 of 1st subject
      • Ornamentation e.g. appoggiaturas, grace notes, acciaccaturas
      • Codetta based on combo of 2 motifs- descending sequence
      • 1st subject: rising sequence based on 4note motif from b8 of intro
      • 2nd subject b53: based on intervals of 4th (semi-staccato before conjunct movement)
        • b61: slurred descending quavers spanning 8ve
      • Melodies often repeated (1st subject immediately repeated with fuller instrumentation)

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