Schumann: Texture

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  • Schumann: Texture
    • No.1
      • 3 textural layers in A section
        • Upper melody
        • Inner line quaver triplets
        • Independent bass line
      • B section (bars 9-14)
        • 3 layers continue
        • Treatment and notation is different
        • Upper melody thickened with 3rds whilst triplets are associated with bass line
          • Adapts melody of bars 1-8
    • No. 3
      • 3 textural layers
        • Most active part at the top
        • Bass line firmly on main beats
        • Accomp. of off beat chords
          • Very active left hand in the 'stride' manner
            • Bass line firmly on main beats
      • Open 5th double pedal
        • Bars 13-15 (emphasised by the rest in bass line, bar 13)
      • Sustained chord with inner ascending scale
        • Bars 15-16
    • No.11
      • Strict part writing
        • Harmony and counterpoint training of 19th century
        • Pianists treated this with great freedom
        • Basic 3- and 4- part texture
          • Schumann adapts the part writing to the needs of the moment
            • Bars 25-27: left-hand thumb, at the top of accomp. chords repeats melody an octave lower
            • Variations in texture and dynamics, some gradual and some sudden, are an expressive feature related to title of piece
      • Opening - melody supported by descending 3rds in lower parts
      • Four-part harmony can be heard
        • Some rhythmic difference between component lines
        • By bar 3
      • Texture of opening inverted with the tune in lowest part
        • Bar 5
        • Accomp. material expanded to three-part chords in right hand
      • B section (9-12)
        • Has a bass tune with short offbeat chords accomp. above
      • C section (21-24)
        • 3 contrasting textual elements alternate
          • Rapid semiquaver movement in 6ths
          • Single bass notes
          • Full 5 or 6 part chords
      • Melody dominated homophony section
        • Bars 25-28
        • Uses stride-like accomp. pattern like No.3

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