Samba Em Prelúdio

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  • Samba Em Prelúdio
    • Context
      • In 1962
        • By Baden Powell + Vincius de Moraes
      • Performed by Esperanza Spalding
        • In her 2008 album 'Esperanza'
    • Melody
      • 2 main melodies
        • B- (b23)      16 bars, note values doubled, mostly conjunct
        • A- (b4)          8 bars, rising arpeggio, low in female range, mostly disjunct
      • Syllabic
        • Rubato
    • Tonality
      • Bminor
        • Bossa nova- tend to be minor
      • No modulations
    • Rhythm, metre & tempo
      • Intro- free   V1- slow +rubato   B19- bossa nova
      • 4/4-b1       5/5-b3      4/4-b4
      • Triplets
      • tied rhythms
      • cross rhythms
      • scotch snap (b35)
    • Texture
      • Intro- monophonic
        • acoustic bass guitar
      • Homophonic melody + accomp
        • Sometimes bass becomes melody instead of accomp
      • Polyphonic (b89-104)
    • Structure
      • Binary Form
        • Intro (b1)    V1 (b4)     Link (b19)  V2 (b23) Guitar (b55) V3 (b89) Coda(39-52) V4 (b104)
    • Harmony
      • Complex harmony
        • Based on chords I, II, IV, V
      • Chord extentions
        • 7th (b26)    9th (b43)  13th (b37)
    • Instruments
      • Acoustic guitar
        • plays virtuosic solo (b54)
      • Vocals- Esperanza
        • Alto singing in chest voice
        • Range- minor 10th
          • Lowest note=low E
      • Acoustic bass guitar- Esperanza
        • Has a 3 bar intro
        • Sometimes plays melody
    • Bossa nova
      • Slower
      • Complex harmonies from Jazz
      • No percussion emphasis
      • More lyrical
      • About love, lovelessness, lonliness

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