Russia in Revolution

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  • Created by: Natalie
  • Created on: 05-05-13 13:06
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  • Russia in Revolution 1917
    • February Revolution
      • A spontaneous affair
        • Popular movement 'from below'
      • Short term causes
        • World War  One
          • Nicholas II left Petrograd leaving Alexandra and Rasputin in control to become Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Army and Navy
          • People did not want to be in the war
            • The Provisional Government kept Russia in war in order to keep foreign loans from Britain and France
              • Dual Power not really working - Soviet took control over PG
                • Couldn't make a decision on land distribution - delaying it till after the watr
                  • People did not want to be in the war
                    • The Provisional Government kept Russia in war in order to keep foreign loans from Britain and France
                      • Dual Power not really working - Soviet took control over PG
                        • Couldn't make a decision on land distribution - delaying it till after the watr
            • Food shortages    (bread rationing) and deterioting economy
              • 300% rise in cost of living led to strikes
                • 145,00 0 workers  in Petrograd strikes - 30,000 in Moscow
                  • 23rd Feb International Women's day = strikes
              • Harsh winter 1916 made this worse
              • Inflation increased
              • bread rationing led to riots in Petrograd on 19th feb
                • 24hr queues
        • Long term causes
          • Unstable political structure
            • continued suspension of the Duma 1906-1917
            • Tsar Nicholas II was weak
              • Nicholas II left Petrograd leaving Alexandra and Rasputin in control to become Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Army and Navy
          • Lack of change since 1905 Rev led to Peasant grievences
            • most poor, illiterate and uneducated
          • Inefficient and backward methods in agriculture
          • Poor living and working conditions
          • Russia contained vast amounts of different minorities and nationalities
            • especially the policy of Russification and the suppression of other minorites
      • October Revolution
        • Lenin's return
          • The Bolsheviks abandoned the PG
          • April Thesis offered "Peace, Bread, Land" and "All power to the Soviets"
          • Lenin pushed for revolution - wrote to the Bolshevik Central Committee on the 12th September but they rejected his demands as they thought they were premature.
            • Lenin visited on the 10th October and gained the majority of support, however not Zineoviev or Kamenev
              • Trotsky convinced Lenin to delay the coup d'etat until the 26th October
                • The final stages of the coup planned by Trotsky
        • Kerensky  gave the Bolsheviks to set up a Military Revolutionary Committe (MRC) as he tried to send the most radical army units out of the capital.
          • He later restricted the power of the MRC, closed down 2 Bolshevik newspapers and raised the bridges linking the working class districts to the centre of Petrograd.
            • Kerensky lost support from people and troops due to the Kornilov affair
        • The All-Russian Congress of Soviets disagreed with the actions of the Bolsheviks
          • Many socialist groups stormed out in protest to the response of the Bolsheviks
            • Left the Bolsheviks in the majority within the Congress
              • Lenin announced formation of a Bolshevik government; an immediate end to the war; a decree transferring land to the peasants

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