Rural - urban migration causes

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  • Rural - urban migration - causes
    • Foreign Investment from TNCs
      • Concentrated in urban areas
        • Access to large workforce - job opportunities
    • Increased access to technology and good transport links
      • More opportunities in urban areas
    • Inconsistent income and food supply
      • Rura areas - lots of subsistence farmers
      • Crop failures - no income and risk of starvation
    • Overpopulation
      • Too many people for services available
    • Low standard of living
      • little access to adequate healthcare, education, electricity and clean water supply
    • In urban areas:
      • Job opportunities
      • Higher wages
      • Higher standard of living

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