Rosenhan - Aims & Context

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  • Created by: Nicci
  • Created on: 03-01-13 14:59
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  • Rosenhan
    • aims and context
      • terminology of sanity and insanity
      • historical, situational, cultural
        • homosexual, nudity, cannibalism
      • medically using the DSM
        • used as the same as physical illness with symptoms that fall under mental conditions
      • In the 1960's Foucault, Szasz and Laing launched the anti - psychiatry movement, challenging the claims of mainstream psychology, they argued that sanity is based on social constructs
      • Laing stated schizophrenia was best understood in terms of individuals rather than a set of symptoms, Szasz argued mental illness was a way of excluding non-conformists
      • "mental illness is useless at best and downright harmful, misleading and pejorative at worst," mental illness is in the mind of the observer not characteristics displayed by the subject
        • Common that at a murder trial both prosecution and defence call their own psychiatrists who disagree on the defendants sanity
        • a lot of disagreement on the meaning of sanity, insanity, mental illness and schizophrenia
        • what is seen as 'normal' in one culture is consider un-normal in another, for example cannibalism and hallucinating
      • AIMS
        • 1. Testing the hypothesis that the DSM is unreliable on the basis that a psychiatrist using it must be able to tell the insane from the sane and if incorrect then must be invalid
        • 2. To record their experiences as psychiatric in-patients


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