Renaissance 1500-1700

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  • Renaissance c1500-1700
    • Change
      • Cause of disease
        • Less belief in supernatural /religous /astrology causes
        • Reduced influence of the church
        • scientific approach to diagnosing illness
        • new rational explainations for disease suggested
      • Work for physicians and scientists
        • Thomas Sydenham :English physician. He was the author of Observationes Medicae
        • Physicians stopped using astrology charts for dignosis and treatments
        • Improved knowlede of digestion meant physicians stopped using urine charts-not a good indicator
        • Physicians carried out more observations and examinations on patients
    • Continuity
      • Cause of disease
        • Miasma
        • The Theory of the four humours     (however by 1700 very few physicians belived in it)
      • Prevention and treatment
        • Cleanliness(P)
        • Traditional herbal remedies(T)
        • Healthy living (P)
        • Supertitions and prayers(T)
        • Bleeding and purging (T)
        • Sin-free life
      • Lack of change :  *Ideas were slow tro be accepted   *no direct use of preventio/treatment   *discoveries didn't improve ubnderstanding of case of disease
    • Transmissin of ideas
      • Printing press
        • Invented 1440 by Gutenburg.... by 1500 there were hundreds across europe
        • Ideas could spread faster....many tex could be produced in a short amount of time
        • Reduced churches ccontrol of ideas : could no longer prevent publication of ideas
      • The Royal Society
        • A group that disagreed with Galen's teaching and decided to experiments
        • King Charles II attended meetings..this gave them credibility
        • first meetings : london : 1645
        • 1655: started publishing journal: PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS
      • Improved understanding of the human body
      • proved some of Galen's work was incorrect - ecouraged people to question Galen
      • encouraged dissections
      • work widely published in England and throughout europe
      • publishe "the fabric of the human body - inccluded detailed illustraitions of the human body .
    • CASE STUDY: The Great plague 1665
      • 1587-1657
      • discovered process of blood circulation
        • Arteries and veibs are in the same
      • used versaliuses theory that blood flows towards the heart ...contidicted Galen
        • Influenced by new technology
      • importance
        • proved some of Galen's theories wrong
        • improved knowlegde on how the body works
        • by 1700 his work was  being taught in medical schools
        • As a royal physician his work got publicity and credibility and inspired others to find out more
        • Because his methods of observation and use of  dissection were successful people copied them
        • left many inanswered queststions which encouraged  further experiments


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