Unit 4

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  • Religious attitudes to crime and punishment
    • Types of offence
      • Religious offences (sins)
        • May also be crimes e.g. adultery in islamic countries
        • May not be crime e.g. adultery in the UK
      • Crimes (offences against a countries law)
        • Against property
          • e.g. theft
        • Against the state
          • e.g. selling state secrets
        • Against the person
          • E.g. murder
          • e.g. terrorism
            • e.g. selling state secrets
    • Causes of crime
      • Poverty
      • Alcohol and drugs
      • Peer pressure
      • Protest
      • Emotional state
      • Upbringing
      • Boredom
    • Forms of punishment
      • Imprisonment
      • Probation
      • Community service
      • Fines
      • Electronic tagging and curfews
      • ASBOs
    • Aims of punishment
      • Deterrence
        • Putting people off committing it
      • Reformation
        • Changing an offender's attitude
      • Reparation
        • Compensating in some way for the crime commited
      • Protection
        • Stability within society
      • Retribution
        • 'An eye for an eye', proportionate punishment to the crime
      • Vindication
        • Teaching the offender and society that the law must be respected
    • Buddhism
      • The law
        • Enables practice of dhamma (the truth taught by Buddah)
        • To keep the law with right intention
        • Engaged buddhism- might entail civil disobedience/non violent resistance to authorities- selfless motive
      • Punishment
        • Improve karma
        • Protection of society- first precept
        • Act as deterrant but is vengeful
        • Retribution is against buddhism
      • Death penalty
        • Against metta and karuna
          • Only for serious offences
        • No chance of reform
    • Christianity
      • The law
        • Humans have inbuilt sense of moral sense
        • Original sins lead to crimentitled
        • Rulers given authority by God
        • Laws to be obeyed unless against God's law
        • Resistance to the law where wrong
      • Punishment of offenders
        • Jesus always gave a second chance
        • Unconditional forgiveness
        • Offenders need to know what they have done
        • Retribution can become revenge
        • Protecting society is important
        • Many work with offenders and ex-offenders

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