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  • Religion
    • The Great Gatsby
      • T.J. Ecklebrug
        • "God sees everything"
        • "Tom, exchanging a frown with Doctor Eckleburg."
          • Tom is angry at the fact that anyone can judge him, even God
          • He is condescending even to God
          • Other people's judgments are more important to him than God's
            • In the 21st century people care about what other people think of them and religion has been put on the back burner for most people
        • Lost Generation
          • Confused and don't know what they are doing
            • Confusing religion with materialism
              • In the 21st century religion and materialism aren't confused with each other but materialism has taken over completely in many ways
      • "She's a Catholic, and they don't believe in divorce." Daisy was not a Catholic, and I was a little shocked at the elaborateness of the lie."
        • Religion is pretty much absent in the lives of the characters
          • Only there to serve as an excuse
          • Fitzgerald was born into a Catholic family but did not practice as an adult, absent in his life too
            • Doesn't serve as an excuse but Fitzgerald only used his Catholicism when it was needed like when he got his daughter baptised into this religion
    • Metaphysical Poetry
      • A Hymn to God the Father
        • "wilt thou" "sin"
          • His guilt comes across through the repetition of these phrases
        • Uses a lot of questions
          • Shows that he is the weak and vulnerable one in the relationship and he needs God to answer all his questions
      • 'Batter My Heart'
        • "Your force to break, blow, burn and make me new."
          • Monosyllabic, plosive sounds/words, makes it seem forceful
            • Confusing/ not a usual way of addressing God
              • Similar to Gatsby in the way that Gatsby has a materialistic view of God and Donne almost has a Sexual view of God
          • Compares himself to a lump of metal that God can shape
            • This is a metaphysical way of writing, using an everyday object (lump of metal) to explain things
          • He is talking directly to God which is more of a Protestant than a Catholic thing to do
            • John Donne started off Catholic but changed to Protestant after his brother died prison for helping a Catholic
              • Confusing/ not a usual way of addressing God
                • Similar to Gatsby in the way that Gatsby has a materialistic view of God and Donne almost has a Sexual view of God
            • Simon Schama said that Donne's poems had "religious intensity"
          • It is a sonnet to God
          • The Collar
            • Unsure about faith
            • Is the collar about religion or being trapped? Homonym
            • Looks disjointed on the page
            • George Herbert was a priest
              • He wanted his work to help other people
          • The Pulley
            • "If goodness kead him not, yet weariness May toss him to my breast"
              • People wouldn't want to go to God if he had given them everything so God gave them a struggle that would cause them to go to him
        • Rapture
          • If I Was Dead
            • "like Lazarus"
              • A biblical character who Jesus rose from the dead
                • It's like she is saying that her love is as powerful as Jesus/God is
            • Duffy was not religious but referred to her poetry as being like prayers
          • Unloving
            • "from our daily bread"
              • The Lord's Prayer and everything that is supposed to sustain us
                • Using this religious reference to show how her and her lover used to be the thing that sustained them day to day and acted as her daily bread and because her lover is now gone she can't find anything good from the "daily bread"


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