Reicher and Haslam

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  • Reicher and Haslam
    • to create an institution 'like' a prison to investigate the behaviour of groups that are unequal in resources, power and status
    • 332 applicants reduced to 27 men then 15 chosen to represent the diversity in age, class, and ethnicity
      • 15 participants - matched on personality into groups of 3 x5
        • 1 out of the 3 is then chosen randomly to be a guard
    • ethics - 24/7 security and monitoring.
      • physiological measures taken - saliva for the hormone cortisol
    • all volunteers were psychologically screened and fully assessed over a weekend by clinical psychologists
      • 332 applicants reduced to 27 men then 15 chosen to represent the diversity in age, class, and ethnicity
        • 15 participants - matched on personality into groups of 3 x5
          • 1 out of the 3 is then chosen randomly to be a guard
    • ecological validity - lab experiment and not real prisoners or guards
    • psychological research - could show that failure in germany's democratic system made authoritarian system more attractive therefore cause tyranny
    • ethical because of the 24/7 monitoring
      • unethical - psychological harm could have been caused
    • tells us that people don't automatically assume roles and group processes are very important
    • shared sense of identity affects mental state and allows group to be effective
      • failing groups allow tyranny to impose - could explain why hitler came into control
    • quantitative and qualitative data
    • unrepresentative - only males and all volunteers
    • wide variety in sample - age, ethnicity and class

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