Reasons Confederacy Lost the Civil War

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  • 'The Leadership of Jefferson Davis Was the main cause of Confederate defeat' Discuss
    • Military Weakness
      • North Naval supremacy
        • Blockading south
        • 90 ships increased to 280 by Dec 1861
      • General Lee
        • Too attack minded?
      • Numbers
        • April 1861 - 75,000 volunteers
          • July 1861 - 500,000 volunteers
      • Strong pool of military experience
        • 2/3 Westpoint graduates
      • Confederacy introduced conscription March 1862
        • Union introduced it March 1863
      • North mobilised black population
    • Political Weakness
      • Lincoln
        • Little admin experience
        • Foreign policy was managed by Seward
        • Tenacity simplicity
          • Faith in Union
        • skilful in keeping political factions together
      • Davis
        • Difficult to get on with
          • Went through 6 Secretary's of war
          • Went through 4 Secretary's of state
        • Useful military and admin experience
        • Lee - 'nobody could have done a better job'
      • Pockets of Unionism existed in the Confederacy
    • Economic Weakness
      • North 2x Railroad
      • North 6x the factories
      • Confederacy couldn't finance long war
        • 5000% Inflation
      • 'Confederate socialism'
        • Blockade runners = crucial
          • 60% small arms got through
          • 75% salt peter got through
        • Draft exemption
          • Ensured enough skilled workers to work railway
      • N produced more agriculturally
  • North had 10x Industrial productive capacity
    • Economic Weakness
      • North 2x Railroad
      • North 6x the factories
      • Confederacy couldn't finance long war
        • 5000% Inflation
      • 'Confederate socialism'
        • Blockade runners = crucial
          • 60% small arms got through
          • 75% salt peter got through
        • Draft exemption
          • Ensured enough skilled workers to work railway
      • N produced more agriculturally

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