psychodynamic approach

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  • Created by: c.law
  • Created on: 20-02-15 01:39
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  • PSY APPROACH
    • therapy
      • assumption: childhood expericences
      • link: unconscious mind driving our behaviour
      • free association
        • talking cure
        • alternative to hypnosis
        • possible orgin
          • talks freely
        • rude or irrelevant
      • catharsis
        • negative emotions are remembered and discharged
        • tranference
        • Anna O
      • Pole & Jones
        • client must see a problem and want to change
        • symptoms reduced
    • assumption
      • 1. the importance of the unconscious mind and unconscious motivation
        • iceberg
        • conscious: thoughts and feelings we can access
        • unconscious: thoughts and feelings we are not aware of
          • Freudian slips and dreams
          • pleasure, urges for sex and agression
      • 2. the importance of early childhood experiences on our adult personality
        • relationship with parents
        • transference
        • 5 psychosexual stages
          • oral
          • anal
          • phallic
          • latent
          • gential
          • fixation is due to overindulgence or frustation
    • therory
      • tripartite personality
        • id
          • pleasure principle
          • aggressive and selfish
        • ego
          • reality principle
          • realistic and helpful
        • superego
          • moral principle
          • knows whats right or wrong
          • shy, self-critical, scared of doing the wrong thing
      • 5 psychosexual stages
        • fixation
          • child libido
        • oral aggressive: aggressive, suspicious and likes to chew things
        • phallic stage: confident and vein
      • defence mechanisms
        • employed by the ego to protect us
        • repression
          • Freudian slips
          • mental health issues
    • strengths and weaknesses
      • case studies are commonly used
        • Anna O
        • idiographic
        • rich qualitative data
        • uncommon cases
        • in depth study
      • nature-nurture debate
        • unconscious mind (nature)
        • early childhood experiences (nurture)
        • holistic
          • compare
          • reflecting the complexity of human behaviour
      • deterministic
        • internal (genes)
        • external (experiences)
        • id = aggressive
        • we are not responsible for our behaviour
      • unscientific
        • case studies
        • clinical interviews
        • subjective
        • unfalsifiable
    • methodolgy
      • Case studies
        • diary enteries
        • personal records
        • clinical case study
          • study of a person in therapy
          • background
        • retrospective case study
          • recall their past
          • Anna O
          • little Hans
        • rich qualitative data
          • uncommon case
        • retrospective case study
          • distortions
        • time consuming
        • middle class viennese women
      • clinical interviews
        • face to face
        • open ended questions
        • predetermined questions
        • spontaneous questioning
        • free association
        • less time consuming
        • interview: uncomfortable
        • non-verbal
        • difficult to replicate
  • unconscious: thoughts and feelings we are not aware of
    • Freudian slips and dreams
    • pleasure, urges for sex and agression

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