Voting Systems Key Words

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  • Planning Short Response Questions
    • What is an election?
      • Process by which people vote to choose someone to be their political leader or representative in Government.
      • In a democracy, the right to vote is the main way most citizens can influence the decisions about how their country is governed.
      • Each political party identifies their policies in a manifesto that they promise to carry out if elected.
        • Citizens make their choice by marking a ballot paper in secret.
          • FPTP is used in Westminster elections.
    • Define Wasted Votes
      • A vote that does not help to elect a candidate.
      • 52.8% of votes cast in the 2010 election were wasted.
    • What is Dealignment?
      • When a large section of the electorate abandons its previous partisan affiliation.
      • Class Dealignment happened in Britain Post 1960, as people became more educated, pursued better jobs and had more affluence.
    • Define Proportional Represetation
      • An electoral system where parties gain seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for them.
      • Single Transferable Vote and Party List PR
  • Citizens make their choice by marking a ballot paper in secret.
    • FPTP is used in Westminster elections.
  • Define Tactical Voting
    • The act of voting for a political party or person that you would not usually support in order to prevent another party or person from winning.
    • In a simple plurality system a voter may gain a 'better' outcome by voting for a less preferred but more generally popular candidate.
    • Planning Short Response Questions
      • What is an election?
        • Process by which people vote to choose someone to be their political leader or representative in Government.
        • In a democracy, the right to vote is the main way most citizens can influence the decisions about how their country is governed.
        • Each political party identifies their policies in a manifesto that they promise to carry out if elected.
        • Define Wasted Votes
          • A vote that does not help to elect a candidate.
          • 52.8% of votes cast in the 2010 election were wasted.
        • What is Dealignment?
          • When a large section of the electorate abandons its previous partisan affiliation.
          • Class Dealignment happened in Britain Post 1960, as people became more educated, pursued better jobs and had more affluence.
        • Define Proportional Represetation
          • An electoral system where parties gain seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for them.
          • Single Transferable Vote and Party List PR

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