Pilgrimage of Grace 1536 (Henry VIII)

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  • Pilgrimage of Grace 1536
    • Key Events
      • 2nd October 1536 - Lincolnshire rising begins at Louth.
      • 8th October - Pilgrimage of Grace proper begins in the East Riding of Yorkshire under the leadership of Robert Aske.
      • 3rd December 1536 - Royal Proclamations offering a pardon to rebels.
      • 16th January 1537 - Renewed rebellion in the East Riding of Yorkshire led by Sir Francis Bigod.
    • Religious Causes
      • Dissolution of the Monasteries
      • Fear for the local churches and the loss of traditional religious practices
    • Secular Causes
      • Ordinary rebels were motivated by economic grievances, including resentment of taxation.
      • The Crown's attempts to impose the Duke of Suffolk upon Lincolnshire as a great magnate may initially have sparked the rebellion in Lincolnshire.
      • The rebellions of 1536 could have been prompted by Councillors who had also been supporters of Catherine of Aragon and seeked to restore Princess Mary as heir.
      • The extension of the rebellion west of the Penneries into Cumberland and Westmorland can be linked to tenants grievances.
    • Key Figures
      • Robert Aske - Led the pilgrimage proper in the East Riding of Yorkshire and named it; tried to negotiate a settlement with the King but was executed after the outbreak of renewed rebellion in January 1537.
      • Francis Bigod - Launched the revolt in January 1537 after Aske and the other leaders had been pardoned.
      • Lord Darcy and Thomas Hussey - members of the Aragonese faction (supporters of Catherine of Aragon) who took part in the Pilgrimage of Grace; they were executed for treason in 1537.
    • What happened?
      • Size: 40,000
      • Duke of Norfolk dealt with being outnumbered by promising that the monasteries would be restored and a free parliament established.
      • The king went back on this promise after the renewed rebellion in January 1537.
      • Norfolk quickly suppressed the renewed rebellion by declaring martial law and hanging 74 rebels - after this he became more lenient with punishments.

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