Pakistan Floods

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  • Pakistan Floods
    • Location
      • next to(north of) India
        • used to be part of India but gained  independence
      • In Asia
      • borders the Indian ocean
    • causes of the floods
      • land heats up and draws  moisture from the sea & wind
        • snow melts from hymalayers
          • surface run-off down the mountain into the river Indus
            • deforestation on the Hymilayers  meant no run-off water was absorbed
              • levees breached- no water could drain into the river
      • monsoon season = 3/4 months of 6-7 hours of heavy rain
    • aid
      • 5 million given as aid from the UK
        • given as cash as the money would be spent in  Pakistan and would  therefore help  the economy
      • Government had limited money and aid to offer
      • as many as half a million pregnant  women and there unborn children were put at risk
    • effects
      • environmental
        • two thirds of the river Indus flow was diverted
          • the river carries  sediment which is deposited  along the river bed
        • after the flood the water supplies were contaminated
          • disease will spread due to non moving water
      • social
        • most poor people live along the river
        • more than 20 million people affected 6 million of that are in need of food aid
          • another 6 million need to be rehoused
            • 1, 752 people died
        • 722,000 homes destroyed
          • 1.8 million homes damaged
      • economic
        • $460 million needed to deal with immediate needs
          • mass unemloyment
            • children could loose to opportunity to go to school
        • farming became difficult as the ground was  saturated
          • 1/3 of Pakistan  was   floodwater
            • destroyed crops, villages, businesses, bridges. Railways
            • anyone who could afford to would migrate
    • management of the floods
      • reaseurch and track monsoon rain
        • more   management  along the river Indus
          • track it encase it changes course
          • study into why it is prone to flooding
      • dams along the river
      • levees and embankements
  • the river Indus is one of the largest rivers in the world
    • surface run-off down the mountain into the river Indus
      • deforestation on the Hymilayers  meant no run-off water was absorbed
        • levees breached- no water could drain into the river
    • changing course
  • this riese the riverbed and in parts higher than the natural land
    • the river carries  sediment which is deposited  along the river bed
    • during the flood some dams failed
  • some children unable to return to school
    • social
      • most poor people live along the river
      • more than 20 million people affected 6 million of that are in need of food aid
        • another 6 million need to be rehoused
          • 1, 752 people died
      • 722,000 homes destroyed
        • 1.8 million homes damaged

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