Punishment in EM England

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  • Outline purposes of punishment in EM England
    • Continuity
      • Fines: continued to punish minor crimes
      • Stocks and pillories: Forms of corporal punishment continued for crimes like drunkenness, begging and vagrancy
      • Hanging:  Capital punishment was commonly used for crimes such as theft, witchcraft, murder. Nobles were beheaded. Heresy was burning at stake.
    • Change
      • The bloody code: numbers of crimes punishable by death increased. By 1688 there were 50 capital offences ranging from minor crimes. The aim was to frighten and deter
    • Change
      • Transportation to America: Sent to colonies to do manual work. 7 or 14 years and on release but most could not afford to return. Between 50000 and 80000 people transported
        • Reflected new ideas on aims of punishment;transportation was still a serious punishment and gave criminals a chance of reformation while acting as deterrent
        • Provided alternative to execution for petty crimes which some thought was way too harsh,especially before prisons
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