Obedience

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Obedience
    • Milgram
      • Participants gave fake electric shocks to a 'learner' as instructed by the examiner
        • Cross culture studies support.
        • Situation variables
          • Proximity
            • Obedience decreased to 40% when the 'teacher' could hear the 'learner' yell
          • Uniform
            • Obedience decreased to 20% when the examinor wore civilian clothes instead of a lab coat
              • Bickmans study supports this
          • Location
            • Obedience decreased to 47.5% when the facility changed from a lab to a run down office block
        • Orne and Holland said that people naturally distrust an examiner.
          • Participants were interviewed after Milgrams study and said that they hadn't realised the shocks were not being given.
      • 100% gave up to 300v shocks
        • 65% gave the highest shock 450v.
          • Killing shock
      • Evaluation
        • Ethical issues
          • Defied the participant meaning they couldn't give informed consent
          • Couldn't withdraw until the forth 'prod' so it seemed like you were being denied
        • Low internal validity because participants could have figured out it was fake
          • Game of death TV show showed 80% players would give the maximum shock
          • Hoffling found that 21/22 nurses obeyed authority
            • High external validity
              • Game of death TV show showed 80% players would give the maximum shock
      • Some participants showed signs of anxiety
    • Obedience because of peoples influence
      • Legitimacy of authority
        • Created by societies hierarchy
        • Destructive authority
          • E.g. Hitler
        • Supported by Bickmans study on uniform
      • Agentic state
        • Feeling no personal responsibility because you believe you are acting for an authority figure
          • Acting as an agent of another
          • Cannot explain why some people disobeyed in Milgrams study
        • Agentic shift
          • Shifting from an autonomous state to the agentic state
            • Autonomous state is being free to act upon your own conscious
        • Binding factors allow people to ignore damaging effects of their actions
        • Research support from Blass and schmitt who showed Milgrams study to a class
          • Asked who they believed would have to take responsibility if the man died
            • They said the authority figure
    • Adorno
      • The authoritarian personailty
        • Used the F-scale to study unconscious attitudes towards racial groups
          • Fascism
          • White, middle-class Americans
          • High scores meant you were more authoritarian
            • Submissive to people higher on societies hierarchy and dismissive of those lower
            • Extreme respect for authority leads to obedience
            • Fixed cognative style
        • Thought to be caused by harsh/strict parenting
          • Causes hostility that is displaced onto those weaker
        • Positive correlation between authoritarian personality and obediance
          • Does not mean it is the cause/only causing factor
        • Some of milgrams participants had this personality type
        • There are better theories
          • Social identity
  • Could have caused psychological damage
    • Milgram didn't know the experiment would go so far
    • Ethical issues
      • Defied the participant meaning they couldn't give informed consent
      • Couldn't withdraw until the forth 'prod' so it seemed like you were being denied

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Conformity resources »