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  • Created by: ExamAce
  • Created on: 20-11-13 08:58
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  • Nutrition/ Balanced Diets/ Meal Planning
    • Nutrient Categories
      • Protein
        • Most important nutrient because it is the only one which promotes growth and repair of the body
        • Animals (Fish, Meat, Products - Cheese, Milk, Eggs) Plants (Peas, Soya Beans, Nuts)
        • HBV (High Biological Value Proteins)
          • Fish, Meats, Soya, Eggs, Milk, Cheese
        • LBV (Low Biological Vaue Proteins)
          • Peas, Beans, Lentils etc
      • Fats and Oils
        • Fats are solid at room temperature whereas Oils are liquid at room temparature
          • Fats are energy providers and also a provider of warmth for the body in the form of a layer beneath the skin. The amount of fat we consume can be bad for you however it is needed for construction of cell membranes and for insulation
            • Too much fat can cause:
              • Obesity
              • High Cholesterol
              • Coronary Heart Disease
              • Halitosis
                • Untitled
              • Type II Diabetes
      • Vitamins
        • A
          • Makes 'visible purple' to prevent 'night blindness' and to keep our mucous membranes moist
        • B
          • Is not just on but a group of vitamins including: thiamine, niacin and riboflavin which release energy from carbohydrates
        • C
          • It is the most vital vitamin, used to creat connecting tissue holding your cells together and supports the body in absorbtion of iron
        • D
          • Works alongside calcium to create strong bones and is produced in sunlight
        • E
      • Carbohydrates
        • Starch
          • E.g. Cereals, Bread, Pasta, Rice, Potatoes
        • Sugar
          • E.g. Hoeny, Jams, Sugars, Marmalades, Fruit
      • Minerals
        • Iron
          • Iron is needed to make red blood cells. Lack of iron can lead to anaemia which is generally more common in teenage girls and women due to periods
        • Calcium
          • Needed for strong teeth and bones. Calcium helps the blood to clot, it is important for children especially to have calcium in their diet as most bone mass is created before 21 years of age
  • Protein
    • Most important nutrient because it is the only one which promotes growth and repair of the body
    • Animals (Fish, Meat, Products - Cheese, Milk, Eggs) Plants (Peas, Soya Beans, Nuts)
    • HBV (High Biological Value Proteins)
      • Fish, Meats, Soya, Eggs, Milk, Cheese
    • LBV (Low Biological Vaue Proteins)
      • Peas, Beans, Lentils etc

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