NOG -Use of reform & appeasement

pink -A2

red - A3

orange - N2

yellow - PG

green - Lenin

l blue - Stalin

d blue - Khrushchev

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  • Use of reform & appeasement
    • A2’s emancipation edict & ‘liberal reforms’ to modernise Russia in a way that protects autocratic power.
      • Reforms curtailed after assassination attempt.
    • 1863 Polish Revolt
      • peasants given beneficial terms to encourage loyalty.
    • A3 makes economic reforms to continue industrialisation.
    • N2 forced into appeasement after 1905 Revolution
      • but later reverses when ableto re-assert control (1906 Fundamental Laws).
      • Lack of reform start of the end?
    • N2 unwilling to give away power in WW1
      • leads to duma opposition.
    • PG promise land reform, nationality autonomy etc ONLY after Constituent Assembly.
      • Bolsheviks promise immediate reform ‘Peace, Bread, Land’.
    • After October Revolution – decrees on land, nationalities & industry – show pragmatism & flexibility.
      • After 1921 Kronstandt Rebellion NEP is introduced.
    • Stalin uses reform to crush opposition – with collectivisation and FYPs
      • use of terror, target-setting, propaganda, education & famine to control population.
    • Khrushchev ‘de-Stalinisation’ & liberal measures allows future opposition.


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