next of course to god america i

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  • Created by: rebecca
  • Created on: 14-05-13 18:01
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  • next of course god america i
    • context
      • author
        • america
        • born into religious and academic family
        • became interested in modernist poetry as a student
          • began experimenting with form and presentation
            • from this grew his most distinctive feature
              • lack of punctuation and capital letters
        • strong influence of new ideas
          • BUT poems often influences by traditional subjects e,g, love god
      • subject matter
        • pacifist
          • author
            • america
            • born into religious and academic family
            • became interested in modernist poetry as a student
              • began experimenting with form and presentation
                • from this grew his most distinctive feature
                  • lack of punctuation and capital letters
            • strong influence of new ideas
              • BUT poems often influences by traditional subjects e,g, love god
          • went with a friend to drive an ambulance but suspected of spying and for months were in a prison camp
        • feelings about this expressed in god America i
          • went with a friend to drive an ambulance but suspected of spying and for months were in a prison camp
          • SATIRICAL POEM
            • Makes jokes about people encouraging patriotism
        • did not want his country to make the same mistakes as Europe as they suddenly become powerful after ww1
    • language and imagery
      • satifical
        • appears to be one thing - should be patriotic
        • actually about another thing - patriotism is dangerous and empty
      • filled with references to great ideas
        • god America imagery
        • form and grammar say e cannot take these ideas seriously
          • grammar is strange
            • so they don't seem to make sense
              • filled with references to great ideas
                • god America imagery
                • form and grammar say e cannot take these ideas seriously
                  • grammar is strange
                    • so they don't seem to make sense
                  • big ideas brought down to earth using lower case
            • big ideas brought down to earth using lower case
            • phrases are cliques
              • phrases that have been used so much they no longer have any meaning
                • line 10 sounds ridiculous  - heroic happy dead
                  • particularly if we consider line 12
                    • they did not stop and think they died instead
                      • ambiguous
                        • like the poem it has two meanings
                      • think it's a good thing but then if you bear in mind line 11 you realise it is not
                        • rushed like lions to the roaring slaughter
            • sound
              • speech by politician
                • shown by speech marks
              • strong rhyme scheme
                • hidden when read aloud
                  • sense of  deception of the speaker
            • deliberate references
              • high ideals are not just cliques
                • phrases are cliques
                  • phrases that have been used so much they no longer have any meaning
                    • line 10 sounds ridiculous  - heroic happy dead
                      • particularly if we consider line 12
                        • they did not stop and think they died instead
                          • ambiguous
                            • like the poem it has two meanings
                          • think it's a good thing but then if you bear in mind line 11 you realise it is not
                            • rushed like lions to the roaring slaughter
                • deliberate references to other poems or songs
              • bible references, popular songs, plays (Macbeth) , national anthem, poems, biblical reference
                • speaker is not speaking from the heart
                  • instead using worn out phrases from other people
                    • deliberate references to other poems or songs
          • form and structure
            • classic of cumming's style , avant garde and traditional themes
            • very unusual at first sight
              • little punctuation and all in lower case - grammar very unusual
              • title
            • form
              • traditional sonnet
                • 14 lines iambic pentameter
                • rhyme scheme
                  • structures poem into three sections -
                    • form and structure
                      • classic of cumming's style , avant garde and traditional themes
                      • very unusual at first sight
                        • little punctuation and all in lower case - grammar very unusual
                        • title
                      • form
                        • traditional sonnet
                          • 14 lines iambic pentameter
                          • rhyme scheme
                            • structures poem into three sections -
                              • tightly structured
                                • pattern of 10,11,9 beats per line
                      • the story the poet tells
                        • 2 parts
                          • line 1-13
                            • politicians voice
                              • politicians voice - one gush of words
                          • final line
                            • let down
                            • cones as a contrast
                    • tightly structured
                      • pattern of 10,11,9 beats per line
            • the story the poet tells
              • 2 parts
                • line 1-13
                  • politicians voice
                    • politicians voice - one gush of words
                • final line
                  • let down
                  • cones as a contrast
          • ideas and themes
            • HUBRIS
              • GREAT PRIDE AND AROGANCE THAT LEADS TO DISASTER
                • caused by three things
                  • god
                  • nationalism
                  • personal ambition
                    • i
                    • key line = final line of speech
            • cummings seems to suggest that to preserve liberty we need to stand up to politicians like the one in the poem
              • key line = final line of speech
              • wants country to avoid mistakes of once European s
                • arrogant enough to engage in a war thinking they'd win
                  • ultimately destroyed (slaughtered) in these wars
                    • allowing America to become the most powerful

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