Natural moral law

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  • Created by: vezting
  • Created on: 08-01-16 09:10
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  • Natural Moral Law
    • Key features
      • there is an objectively ideal way to be human
      • if we reach the ideal we will be completely happy and will achieve our maximum physical, mental and spiritual health
      • this applies to us both as individuals and human communities
    • Aquinas
      • The Summa Theologica
        • 1- NML is universal and unchanging
        • 2- relevant all cirumstances
        • 3- is given by God
        • 4- seen by all human beings
        • 5- draws inspiration from the bible
      • natural moral law
        • universe created by God
        • everything has a purpose
        • purpose and design found in nature and scriptures
        • humanity was given choice to follow good, our purpose
        • fulfilling the purpose is 'good' any action taking person closer to goal is right, further away is wrong
        • NML guides in 5 ways: live, reproduce, learn, worship God, order society
      • secondary precepts
        • guide people towards rightful actions, away from wrong ones
        • 1st principle- the dictates of reason must be observed by all humans, all circumstances EG do not murder
        • 2nd principle- more complex dictates that come from human reason, are guided by Gods law, not found directly in nature
      • cardinal virtues/seven vices
        • fundamental qualities of a moral life
        • prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance
        • 7 vices/ deadly sins would lead people away from morality
          • pride, avarice, lust, envy, gluttony, anger, sloth
      • challenges against aquinas
        • all people seek to worship God
        • every individual has one particular perpose
        • human nature is same since creation
    • Bernard Hoose
      • modern NML is proportionalism and comes from Hoose's book Christian Ethics
      • supports compromise to reach moral compromise not perfection
      • allows individual circumstances
      • understands some un-moral actions should be taken for greater good
      • considers qualities such as dignity, integrity and justice

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