Music for a While

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  • Music for a While
    • Context
      • By Henry Purcell
        • 1692
        • Died at 36
        • Wrote music for more than 40 plays
      • For the play Oedipus
        • John Dryden
        • Trying to calm Alecto
      • Baroque
        • It is a lament aria
    • Melody
      • Conjunct
      • Passing notes are frequent
      • Leaps no greater than a perfect 4th
      • Descending sequence (b20)
      • Many ornaments
        • Trills Appoggiatura Acciaccatura Mordents
    • Tonality
      • Aminor
      • Modulates
        • Emin (b14) Gmaj (b16) Cmaj (b21) Amaj (b23) Emin (b27)
          • Amin (b28)
    • Rhythm, metre & tempo
      • no markings- but slow is appropriate
      • 4/4
      • Quavers + semiquavers
      • Dotted rhythms
      • syncopation
    • Texture
      • Homophonic
        • melody + accomp
      • Ground bass
        • LH harpsichord + bass viol
    • Structure
      • Ground bass structure
        • A 3 bar repeated melodic line played in the bass of the piece
        • Features: Quavers Arpeggios Semitones
        • Ends with an octave leap and cadence
        • Changes in b14
          • returns in b26
    • Harmony
      • ALL cadences are perfect
      • Suspension (b3)
      • Dissonance
        • False relation
          • b1- F# and F played
        • eg. 'pains' (b12)
      • Tierce de Picardie
        • Sudden major chord within all minor chords
        • b24
    • Instruments
      • Voice
        • Soprano
          • Word-painting
        • Range= 9th
          • Highest= high F
          • Lowest= E (able middle C)
      • Basso continuo

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