Meta Ethics- Naturalism

  • Created by: _bella_
  • Created on: 24-04-19 18:28
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  • Meta-Ethics- Naturalism
    • Criticisms
      • Naturalistic Fallacy- Hume and G.E Moore "you can't move from an ought to an is"
      • Hume's fork- argued statements about the world were analytical or synthetic
        • Moral statements are neither as they derive from emotion thus, they are subjective
      • But Hume's fork is a fallacy in itself: as we can make an ought (value), an is (fact).
        • Searle argued that if someone is meant to pay another, then they ought to pay
    • Strengths
      • We make observations through judgement
      • It is absolute therefore meaning it is easy to follow
    • Summary
      • We can see "good " in the world around us
      • Cognitivist- we can have knowledge of ethics
      • Different to emotivism and intuitionism as it claims ethical statements can be seen in reality
      • Moral Facts exist as they are observable features of an action
    • Theories
      • Natural Law
        • Aquinas argued that goodness is a natural feature of actions defined by the telos we have as rational beings
      • Kantian Ethics
        • Goodness exists as a priori truth (knowledge through reason and logic alone)
      • Utilitarianism
        • Pain and pleasure can be observed and experienced as a posteriori truth
  • Analytical- a bachelor is an unmarried man
  • Synthetic- can be true or false- Mr Walmsley doesn't like cheese


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