Memory

The duration, capacity and encoding of both short term and long term memory including researchers.

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 07-02-13 10:07
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  • Memory
    • duration
      • Long term memory
        • Unlimited
      • Short tem memory
    • Encoding
      • Long term memory
        • Baddeley (1966)
          • The long term memory stores words better when they are semantic (mean similar things)
      • Short term memory
        • Baddeley (1966)
          • Acoustic or visual encoding increases recall in the short term memory
  • Unlimited
  • Shepard (1967)
    • 612 pictures, after an hour perfect recongition
      • Shepard (1967)
      • after 4 months, 50% recognition
        • 612 pictures, after an hour perfect recongition
        • Bahrick et al (1975)
          • high school year book pictures
            • Bahrick et al (1975)
            • After 48 years, 70% recognition
              • high school year book pictures
              • limited
                • Short tem memory
              • Peterson and Peterson (1959)
                • limited
                • nonsense syllabul recall
                  • Peterson and Peterson (1959)
                  • 3 seconds (90% correct)
                    • nonsense syllabul recall
                    • 18 seconds (2% correct)
                      • 3 seconds (90% correct)
                      • Marsh et al (1997)
                        • When participants werent expecting recall
                          • Marsh et al (1997)
                          • Claims of P&P being invalid
                            • forgetting after 2 seconds
                            • When participants werent expecting recall
                            • capacity
                              • Memory
                                • duration
                                  • Long term memory
                                  • Encoding
                                    • Long term memory
                                      • Baddeley (1966)
                                        • The long term memory stores words better when they are semantic (mean similar things)
                                    • Short term memory
                                      • Baddeley (1966)
                                        • Acoustic or visual encoding increases recall in the short term memory
                              • Short term memory
                                • capacity
                                  • Miller (1956)
                                    • George Miller concluded that our memory has a capacity of 7 +/- 2 chunks
                                      • Simon (1974)
                                        • Size of the chunk affects memory
                                • Long term memory
                                  • The capacity of the long term memory is potentially unlimiited

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