Medicine - 18th/19th Century

  • Created by: ash8642
  • Created on: 18-03-18 11:54
View mindmap
  • Medicine - 18th/19th Century
    • Vaccination
      • Successor to inoculation
      • Edward Jenner
        • Knew milkmaids got cowpox, not smallpox
        • Used scientific methods
      • 1796
        • Tested his theory
        • Published his findings
      • Didn't know why the vaccine worked
        • Only a vaccine for smallpox could be created
      • Approved by Government
        • Made compulsory in 1853
        • Vaccine clinic opened in 1802
    • Germ Theory
      • Louis Pasteur
      • Published his findings in 1861
        • Germs in the air cause disease
      • Each germ had to be individually identified
        • Match germ to disease
      • Developed by Robert Koch
    • Cholera
      • No water / waste facilities
      • People shared water pumps / privy
      • Broke out in 1831
        • Epidemic by 1832
      • John Snow
        • Made a connection between the water pumps and cholera
      • 1854
        • Broke out in Broad Street
      • Snow made a map of affected areas
        • Saw brewery men were unaffected
          • Drank beer or from brewery's deep well
        • Most affected was Broad Street
          • People preferred the water there
      • 1855
        • Published 'On the Mode of Communication of Cholera'
      • Snow convinced council to remove pump's handle
    • Anaesthetics
      • Natural anaestheticused
        • Mandrake
        • Alcohol
        • Opium
      • Laughing gas
        • Humphrey Davy
        • 1799
        • Demonstrated 1845
        • Dismissed as being rereational
      • Ether
        • Crawford Long
          • 1842
          • Didn't publish findings
        • William Morton
          • Demonstrated in 1846
        • Irritant + explosive
      • Chloroform
        • James Simpson
          • Head of Mdwifery
          • Safe way to give birth
        • 1847
        • Could affect the heart
      • Lead to higher death rates
        • Surgeons became more confident
        • Infection still a problem
    • Anticeptics
      • Joseph Lister
      • Carbolic acid
        • Seen it used in sewage works
      • Tried it in theatre in 1860s
      • Used on instruments and bandages
      • Death rate fell
        • 50% in 1864 - 1866
        • 15% in 1867 - 1870
    • Public Health Act, 1875
      • Edward Chadwick
        • Brought in 1848 Public Health Act
      • Compulsory
      • Health Inspector
      • Sanitary Inspector
      • Maintain sewage systems
      • Keep streets clean

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »