Marxism: differential educational achievement

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Marxism: differential educational achievement
    • Cultural deprivation
      • functionalists idea of cultural capital blames working class people for their failure (when it is in fact because of capitalism
      • education system is based on ruling class culture, because the ruling class have the power to define what's counted as knowledge in the education system
      • it is not that working class are culturally deprived, rather they are in a rigged race
        • the culture of the ruling class can be turned into wealth and power
    • Myth of meritocracy
      • education is not about creating a meritocracy, it's about transmitting privilege and wealth from one generation to the other
    • Key Sociologist: Gerwitz
      • a parent's cultural capital can explain attainment. there are 3 types of parent
        • 1. privileged skilled choosers: they know about the school system and have the time + money to support their kid's education
          • 2. semi skilled choosers: concerned for their kid's education but lack awareness of how to choose the best schools
            • 3. disconnected choosers: concerned for their child but do not see their choice of school as determining education success. also lack material resources to choose a good school
          • likely to be middle class
    • Key Sociologist: Sullivan
      • supports the theory of cultural capital. school has a limited effect on culture of the child; parental background is the most significant factor
        • material factors are also highly significant
    • Key Sociologists: Werfhorst and Hofstede
      • draw on the work of Boudon to explain aspirations:
        • working class kids are less likely to continue than the middle class kids who risk social demotion if they don't
    • Material factors
      • poverty has an impact on attainment e.g working class not being able to afford textbooks or a laptop
      • Key Sociologists: Smith and Noble
        • argues that poverty means parents are unable to afford school uniform, trips and things like computers
        • they're unable to afford housing in the catchment area of a good school
    • Evaluation
      • new right reject the idea that some are significantly deprived, especially in a period of growing affluence and welfare state
      • the focus on factors external to the school and what happens inside the classroom means the effect of teachers on their students is ignored


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »