Logical Positivism

Religious Language

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  • LOGICAL POSITIVISM
    • Logical Positivists
      • Vienna Circle
      • 'Anti-Idealist'- things must be empirical
      • Hume's Fork: Only two meaningful propositions
        • 'Matters of fact'-synthetic empirical statements
        • 'Relations of idea'- analytic necessary, nonempirical statements
    • Verification Principle
      • Factual meaning if and only if it's empirically verifiable
      • Formal meaning if and only if it's analytic or self-contradictory
        • Factual meaning if and only if it's empirically verifiable
      • Cognitive meaning if and only if it has formal or factual meaning
        • Formal meaning if and only if it's analytic or self-contradictory
      • Influences
        • Anthony Flew and Falsification
          • Cognitively meaningless if there aren't times in which it can be falsified
        • John Hick and eschatological verification
        • Richard Braithewaite
          • Religious utterances are moral statements
      • Problems
        • Fails to meet its own criteria- it is neither synthetic nor analytic so is meaningless
        • Illogical- we must know the meaning of a sentence at the outset to verify it
        • Impossible to formulate in a satisfactory way

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