Life in Nazi Germany

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  • Life in Nazi Germany
    • The Young
      • Education
        • Subjects at School
          • Race Studies
          • History
          • P.E.
          • Maths
          • Sciencees
        • Hitler placed a higher value on what the children did rather than what they studied
        • Bernhard Rust = Nazi Education Minister
          • He controlled the curriculum with 3 key ideas:
            • 2. Curriculum: Sports, history, science
            • 1. Teachers: All teachers had to be Nazi's
            • 3.  Specialist schools: He had schools built to train future SS soldiers
    • Resistance Movements
      • Edelweiss Pirates
        • They resisted by listening to jazz music, drinking alcohol and not following Nazi Ideals
        • They also beated up Nazi officials
          • In 1944, they killed the Gestapo chief. 12 of them were publicly hanged
      • White rose  Group
        • They were a group of University students from Munich
          • They published anti-Nazi leaflets
        • They were lead by Hans and Sophie Scholl
      • The Army
        • The July bomb plot
          • A group of Nazi army officials called the Kreisau Circle, planted a bomb
            • At the last second the bomb was moved and Hitler survived the blast
    • Control of the German Peoples
      • SS
        • They were at first Hitler's elite
        • They consisted of two units
          • The deathshead unit were the leaders of  concentration camps etc
          • The Waffen-SS were the SS that were mainly in the armed forces
        • They were a group of highly loyal, Aryan Nazi's
      • Concentration Camps
        • They helped Hitler by getting rid of many opposition including communists and jews
        • They helped further because they sent out a clear message:
          • Anyone  who refused to conform to the  ideology being put forward by the state would be  imprisoned
      • The Gestapo
        • They were the secret police of Nazi Germany
        • They used informers to get information
        • They helped  Hitler by putting fear into the hearts of the Germans so that they would follow the Nazi's
      • The Judicial System/Police
        • The judges HAD to be Nazi's. So did the police.
        • If a Nazi was arrested then the judge and jury were very lenient towards him.
          • However if  a non-Nazi was arrested he/she was severly punished
            • This meant that the public saw that the Nazi's never did wrong
    • Persecution
      • Blacks
      • Jews
        • They were the most presecuted because Hitler felt they were sub'human and not worthy of anything
        • Also he believed that the Jews were partly responsible for all the bad that had happened to Germany over the past 2 decades
          • This is an example of scapegoating.Blaming someone else for your problems
      • Gypsies (Sinti and Roma)
        • They were persecuted because Hitler believed they did not belong anywhere as they were always on the move
      • Homosexuals
        • They were persecuted because their love went against Hitlers belief of a traditional family
          • One reason was they could not have childeren
      • Drunks, Drug Addicts, Homeless
        • They made the German people look bad
    • The Treatment of the Workers
      • Treatment of the Workers
        • DAF = German Labour Front
          • Lead by Dr Robert Ley
          • Replaced the trade unions
          • SDA = Beauty of Labour
            • Improves attitudes to work
            • Encouraged emploers to improve working conditions
              • Examples: Hot meals in factories, air conditioning
          • KDF = Strength Through Joy
            • This organised events for workers to do in their leisure time
              • Examples: plays, cruises, concerts, sporting events etc
          • RAD = Reich Labour Front
            • After 1935 they RAD made it compulsory to do 6 months labour service
              • This went along with the compulsory 18 months in the army
              • Hitler used these to lower German unemployment rates
                • This went along with the compulsory 18 months in the army
  • Keyterms
    • Volk
      • People
    • Volksgemeinschaft
      • Peoples Community
    • Weltanschung
      • World View
    • Blut und Boden
      • Blood and Soil
  • They helped further because they sent out a clear message:
    • Anyone  who refused to conform to the  ideology being put forward by the state would be  imprisoned

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