Cognition - Lecture 9 (Components of Memory pt.2)

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  • Lecture 9 - Components of Memory pt.2
    • The modal model (1968)
      • Input
        • Sensory registers: Visual Auditory Haptic
          • Short-term store (STS) control processes: rehearsal, coding, decisions, retrieval strategies
            • Response output
            • Long-term store (LTS): permanent memory store
    • Procedural vs. declarative LTM
      • Patients with anterograde amnesia have drastically impaired ability to form new memories for experienced events and facts
      • But can exhibit normal learning rates in acquisition of:
        • perceptual & practical  skills
        • problem solving skills
        • conditioning of eye-blink reflex
        • perceptuo-motor skils e.g. mirror drawing
      • Brain damage can also cause deficits in procedural memory, without impairing declarative memory
        • Double dissociation
    • Episodic vs. semantic memory
      • Episodic memory:
        • memory for individual autobiographical experiences - re-experiencing though "mental time travel"
      • Semantic memory:
        • general and conceptual knowledge abstracted from experience
          • what famous people look like
          • names of things
          • who is related to whom


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