language change 4

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  • Language Change 4
    • Old and Early modern English 400-1700
      • Lack of punctuation
        • Longer complex and compound sentences
      • Archaisims
        • word that are no longer used in modern english
      • inflection letters are added to the end of words E.G. e, a en and ly
        • used to make words plural, adjectives or change tense
      • Unusual spelling
        • phonetic or devant spelling
      • apostrophe s replacing the letter e
      • repaeated conjunctions
      • invented sentences
      • capitalization
        • proper nouns
        • abstract and common nouns for emphasis on word
    • Early modern English 1500- 1700
      • William Caxton invented the first printing press 1476
        • Standardisation of lexis
        • mass producing of some texts meant word spelling and pronunciation was the same
      • Shakespeare- 1550
        • Introduced 3000 words to english language
        • introduced the hyphen - to link words together
      • Early modern english had polite forms
        • second person pronoun you was used to address strangers or superiors
        • also affected possessive form E.G. thine - yours thy - your
        • tere was familiar form E.G. thou hast, art, dost
          • Familiar form also added the use of inflexions E.G haST doST (do)
    • Late Modern English 1700 -  present day
      • Standardised spelling
      • neologisms
        • Newly coined term
      • Borrowings
      • Samuel Johnston 1755
        • published first dictionary
          • contained definitions and examples of every word in the english language
      • More literacy devices
      • increased and more varied pronunciation
      • semantic change
    • New words and why they are fomed
      • Nelogisms
        • a new word
      • Loan/borrowed words
      • Acronyms
      • derivations from ancient languages
      • Imperialisation
        • invasion and the borrowing of words from other cultures
      • inventors of new words Shakespeare
      • Compounds / blends
      • Slang/colloquialisms because of modern expressions
      • Internet and technology
    • English from 1700
      • 1476: william caxton- first printing press
        • important step for standardisation
          • words that were spelt differently due to dialect+personal choice needed to b standardised
            • English became standised but certain amount still had variation
      • 20th century- improved communication - radio and film
        • new english accents + inventions
          • Phone made comminication easier
        • Mobility inventions of railway and cars
          • travel more = more dialects
      • Prescriptivists attitude towards language asums set of correct linguistic rules english should follow
      • 18th century- state of language became concerning for some writers
        • english wasn't governed by strict set of rules---- so was decaying
          • 1755 samuel johnston dictionary of english language very popular
            • Standised word spelling and meaning
    • 19th 20th & contemporaryEnglish
      • More system communication then written affecting sentence structure + abbreviations
      • more mobile population changed dialects and accents
      • cheaper newspapers expended vocals
      • increased literacy meant people used a wider range of vocals
      • technical and local changes introduced new words E.G. factory
      • foreign travel introduced more borrowings
      • Radio and television affected bath written & spoken language
      • emails and text resulted in shortening vocab and introduced phonetic spelling
      • New technology is biggest influences

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