Language and Gender

  • Created by: TheaDingy
  • Created on: 12-02-21 18:55
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  • Language and Gender
    • Otto Jespersen
      • Women: unfunny, conservative, limited vocabulary
      • Men: innovative, coining new terms
    • Deborah Cameron
      • Verbal hygiene: girls are taught at a young age to speak in a clean style
        • Allyson Jule: this is attempting to impose social order on the world
    • Judith Butler
      • Gender performativitypeople talk in a reflection of their gender
    • Dale Spender
      • Man made langauge: language is geared towards men
        • Men are standard, women are secondary
    • Julia Stanley
      • Marked terms and lexical asymmetry affixes
    • Deborah Tannen
      • Women want support intimacy understand feelings proposal compromise
    • Jane Pilkington
      • Women are collaborative men cause disputes
    • Konraed Kuiper
      • Men swear and insult for solidarity
    • Tag questions
      • Robin Lakoff
        • Women are weak they use hedging, apologies, intensifiers, precise colour terms, empty adjectives, weak expletives, specialised domestic vocab and tags
      • Janet Holmes
        • Women use effective and facilitative tags for support, selflessly
        • Men use modal tags for answers, selfishly
    • Zimmerman and West
      • Men interrupt 96% more
        • Beattie argues saying they didn't look at the type of interruptions
    • Labov
      • Overt prestige women are closer to RP
      • Covert prestige men fit in with surroundings
    • Cheshire
      • Men use more non standard forms like clipping
      • Womens langauge is more personally developed
    • MORE TO IT
      • O'Barr and Atkins
        • Language is context dependent, an expression of power
      • Mary Talbot
        • Gender is a social construct and people are socialised to act these ways
    • Trudgil
      • Men use non-standard forms to gain covert prestige to appear tough or down to earth
      • Women use correct and hyper-correct form
  • Untitled
  • DIFERENCE women's and men's language is different possibly due to socialising in different groups with different norms, values and expectations COATES TANNEN HOLMES PILKINGTON
  • DOMINANCE women's speech is less assertive and lacks power, men and women talk like men have the power ZIMMERMAN AND WEST FISHMAN
  • DENYER perhaps men and women speak differently because that's what we expect to find, social class could be a link and prejudices could be a factor in identifying differences


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