THEORISTS

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  • Created by: darc167
  • Created on: 06-01-16 10:16
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  • LANGAUGE AND GENDER
    • ROBIN LAKOFF (1975)
      • Found that 'women's language' lacked real authority, and consisted of: tag questions, hedges, fillers, politeness, intensifiers and weak expletive terms.
    • O'BARR & ATKINS
      • The Deficit Approach
        • ROBIN LAKOFF (1975)
          • Found that 'women's language' lacked real authority, and consisted of: tag questions, hedges, fillers, politeness, intensifiers and weak expletive terms.
      • Observed courtroom trials. Lower-class or less- authoritative people used Lakoff's 'women's language' so therefore renamed it 'powerless language'
    • DEBORAH TANNEN(1990)
      • Explains the differences in male and female speech styles
        • Status vs. support
        • independence vs. intimacy
        • Advice vs. understanding
        • Information vs. feelings
        • Orders vs. proposals
        • Conflict vs. compromise
      • The Difference Approach
    • ZIMMERMAN AND WEST (1975)
      • Found that in their (small) data, 96% of interruptions in mixed-talk were made by men.
      • Women had restricted linguistic freedom. Men sought out to impose dominance by applying constraints.
      • The Dominance Approach
  • HOWEVER DOES CHALLENGE LAKOFF

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