Kielder Water Mindmap

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  • Created by: Laura P
  • Created on: 15-05-13 16:39
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  • Kielder Water-Northumberland
    • Dam built late 1900s and cost £167 million to build.
      • Built because there was a shortage of water in the North East of England due to increasing heavy industries like steel making and there was also an expected population - however these industries haven't grown they have in fact declined.
        • Overall: It was built to support the DEFICIT of water in the North-East.
        • This then caused a SURPLUS of water in the North East.
    • SURPLUS: A place with high amount of water supply. (more than what it needs)
      • (A     combination of high relief (hills), low population and high rainfall mean s that the west often has water SURPLUS)
      • This then caused a SURPLUS of water in the North East.
    • DEFICIT:  When the population doesn't have enough water supply to meet needs.
      • (A combination of flat land, high population and low rainfall means that the  South East means this area needs more water than available -DEFICIT)
      • Overall: It was built to support the DEFICIT of water in the North-East.
    • Results of the dam.
      • Advantages
        • Water
          • Produces Hydro-electric power and produces a total of £1 million of power each year.
          • Water levels remain high- no droughts.
        • Tourism
          • 1/4 million visitors each year - money
          • Provided jobs for locals.
      • Disadvantages
        • Deforestation
          • The building of the dam caused 1.5 million trees to be cut down.
          • This destroyed habitats.
        • Valley flooded
          • A very popular valley was flooded to create the dam and caused concerns with locals.
  • Built because there was a shortage of water in the North East of England due to increasing heavy industries like steel making and there was also an expected population - however these industries haven't grown they have in fact declined.

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