Judicial Precedent

  • Created by: hema77
  • Created on: 12-06-19 04:51
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  • Judicial Precedent or Stare Decisis - Let the decision stand
    • Obiter Dicta - Stmt said by the way not part of RD but persuasive
    • Ratio Decidendi - Legal reason for deciding
    • Supreme Court established 2009/fka HOL
      • Bound by own decision
        • Modify the rigid precedent so can depart from its own decision- Practice Stmt
          • Obsolete
            • Duty of care -Herrington v British Railways Board 1972 Addie & Sons v Drumbreck 1929
            • Wrong  & Out of date
              • Overruled previous decision Pepper V Hart 1993,use of Hansard in Davis v Johnson 1978
              • R v R 1991 husband found ****** his wife
          • Invoked the PS in Conway v Rimmer 1968 & overruled Duncan v Cammell Laird & Co 1942
        • - London Tramsways  Co Ltd v London Country Council 1898
    • Court of Appeal should not be bound to HOL
      • Refused to follow HOL in Broome v Cassel & Co Ltd 1971 earlier decision in Rookes V Barnard 1964
        • Refused to follow HOL in Havana Railways 1961 ealier in Miliangos v George Frank (Textiles) Ltd 1976
    • Judicial Tools-          1. Distinguishing King v Philips 1953 and Boardman v Sanderson     2. Reversing Miliangos v George Frank (Textiles) Ltd 1976 3.Overrule Pepper v Hart 1193 overuled Davis v Johnson 1979 R vR (Marital Exemption 1992              4. Original precedent Hunter & others v Canary Wharf Ltd & London Decklands Development Corpn 1995. 5.Extending or modifying 6.Disapproving                                7.Section 2 Human Rights Act 1998
    • Advantages -1. Certainty and predictability, 2. saves time and money, 3.degree of flexibility with distinguishing 4.has enabled whole areas of law to develop 5. system allows original precedent - ReA, Airedale NHS v Bland
    • Disadvantages 1.undemocratic 2. promotes laziness 3.system is rigid as bad judicial decision may be perpetuated 4. large number of decided cases, judgements are long and unclear 5. terms distinguishing


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