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  • isomerism
    • stereoisomerism
      • E-Z
        • occurs in molecules with C=C
          • atoms can't rotate
        • E-isomer
          • higher priority groups are opposite each other (across the C=C bond)
        • Z-isomer
          • higher priority groups on the same side
        • CIP priority rules
      • optical
      • when compound have the same Mr but different arrangements in space
    • structural
      • chain
        • carbon chains ranged different
      • positional
        • functional group is attached to different C atom
      • functional group
        • contains different functional group
      • when compounds with the same Mr are arranged differently


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