adaptation 


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    • Plants -  Plants need light, carbon dioxide and water to survive.
      • Plants in hot places need a lot of water because in these conditions photosynthesis happens quickly.
      • Most desert plants have leaves with a small surface area, less water can be lost.
        • Some Plants have broad leaves.
      • Plants compete for, light, space, water and nutrients.
        • They change their surface area to get these factors.
          • Root systems
          • Thorns (to stop predators)
          • Seeds that are adapted for flight
          • Hooks that cling onto animals fur.
          • If seeds land near one another they will compete so the strongest plant will grow
        • Plants in hot places need a lot of water because in these conditions photosynthesis happens quickly.
        • If seeds land near one another they will compete so the strongest plant will grow
    • Animals - Animals need food and oxygen to survive.
      • Herbivores have teeth to help them grind up plant cells.
        • Carnivores have teeth adapted for tearing up flesh or cutting bones,
      • Their surface area are adapted to fir the temperature condition that it is living in and so less energy is lost.
        • Thick fur coats
          • Fat underneath skin
          • Coats change colour in the different seasons for camouflage
        • Animals in hot places are adapted to minimize water loss and withstand high temperature.
          • Most active early in the morning and late at night.
            • Small surface area
            • Large ears to increase surface ear so the loose heat.
          • Sandy brown coats to match the colour of the dried grass as camouflage.
      • Animals compete for food.

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