Indian Music

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    • Traditional Insruments
      • SITAR-a large long necked string instrument with 4-7 metal strings. 5 are plucked for the melody and the other two create drone notes
      • TAMBURA-backing instrument to create the drone
      • SARANGI- bowed string instrument
      • BANSURI- flute made of bamboo
      • SHENHAI- instrument with a double reed
      • SINGERS
    • Indian Raga
      • Indian classical music is based on RAGAS
        • A RAGA is a set of notes (between 5 and 8) which are combined to create a particular mood
        • There are different raga's for different times of the day
          • They are often influenced by religion, history and stories
            • Raga performance is improvised
            • They are passed down to generation by word of mouth
      • Each raga will have a melody, a drone and a rhythm
    • Techniques
      • Melody
        • Improvised on Sitar
        • The notes that are improvised depend on the raga scale being used
      • Drone
        • Created by sitar or tambura
        • Long held notes or split up repeated pattern
        • consists of 2 notes
    • Rhythm
      • Played on the Tabla
        • Different pitches achieved by: hitting center or rim, using palm or fingers
      • TALA Rhythm- a rhythmic circle or pattern
    • Structure
      • Raga performance have 3 phrases
        • No gaps between phrases
        • 1) THE ALAP SECTION:- This is the opening of the piece. Tends ro be very slow and only the melody and drone notes play
          • 2) THE JOR SECTION:- This follows the 'ALAP' section. The TAL RHYTHM enters and the music is still relaxed
            • THE JHALA SECTION:- This follows the 'JOR' section. This is the development section and the music builds up in TEMPO. In this section the melody and rhythm players take it in turn to IMPROVISE. This piece will then come to an end


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