PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT - PRINCIPLES

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  • PHYSICAL
    • GROWTH
      • PRINCIPLES
        • Rates vary in different parts - head circumference quickest in first 2 months
        • Rate not smooth but continuous - periods of rapid growth - PUBERTY and INFANCY
        • Infants - rapid in first 6 months
        • Height increase = weight increase
        • Healthy newborns - double weight by 4-5 months
        • Infants - av. growth -  12 cm and gain 2.5 kg between 1-2
        • 2 - Healthy infant = approx. half adult height
        • Health visitors - monitor against milestones - follow normal patterns
      • Increase in some measured quantity e.g Height / Weight
    • DEVELOP
      • PRINCIPLES
        • Inside to Outside - Infants - control of: Bodies / arms and legs / smaller muscles in fingers
        • Head to Toe - Infants - control of: Head / Body (sit) / Legs (Crawl and Walk)
        • Journey - expected milestones - development norms - expected by a particular age
        • Four main areas: PIES
        • Important to remember - every child unique - some may develop milestones quicker than others
      • Complex changes - increase in skills, abilities and capabilities

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