explanations of gender

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • GENDER EXPLANATION
    • COGNITIVE
      • Kholberg's gender constancy theory
        • gender stability: knows own gender stays the same but doesn't know others does. confusion over external app.
        • gender constancy: knows gender is same across time & situation. complete understanding of gender.
        • gender identity: knows own gender & label others on outward app only
        • Kholberg proposed children go through 3 gender stages: identity, stability and constancy
      • Martin and Halverson - gender schema
        • suggests understanding of gender increases with age (biological maturation)
          • supporting evidence: bruce brenda david/david reimer
            • longitudinal study: collected lots of qualitative data
            • researcher bias: Dr Money was too involved in the study
            • extremely unethical
        • children actively search for role models
        • once a child knows their gender identity they search for how to behave - form a schema
        • in group - out group: look for info to support ingroup, ignore inconsistent stuff
    • BIOLOGICAL
      • sex and gender are the same. born with hormones, chromosomes, internal external genetalia that is your sex/gender
        • chromosomes determine our sex and gender. Y chromosome stimulates SRY gene which leads to testost. being released.
    • PSYCHODY-NAMIC
      • children are bisexual until they go through the phallic stage
      • boy is jealous of father due to having sexual feelings towards his mother. he then identifies with his father and develops a male gender identity.
      • evaluation
        • based on a nuclear family but single parents/ same sex families still raise normal children.
        • lacks scientific rigour
      • girl is jealous of father for having a penis. she thinks her mother castrated her. eventually internalises with her & develops a female gender identity.
    • SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
      • gender is learnt from observing others. emphasis on nurture
      • children watch role models to learn gender approprite behaviours. they model the behaviour that they observed.
      • evaluations
        • smith and lloyd: dressed 4-6 m/o in random gender clothing. adults actively played with boys and girls played with passively. parents reinforce stereotypes,
        • perry and bussey: showed children a video were woman picked banana and man picked orange. more likely to pick same fruit as same sex.
        • can explain androgyny today
  • sex and gender are the same. born with hormones, chromosomes, internal external genetalia that is your sex/gender
    • chromosomes determine our sex and gender. Y chromosome stimulates SRY gene which leads to testost. being released.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Gender resources »