Functionalist

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  • FUNCTIONALIST
    • Family a vital organ in maintaining body of society
    • MURDOCK - 4 functions
      • Sexual - solidify a relationship
      • Reproductive - nurturing relationship
      • Socialisation/education - pass on norms & values
      • Economic - family provides food & shelter
    • PARSONS - 2 functions
      • Primary socialsation - children learn & accept norms & values
      • Stabilises personality's - support & security
      • Instrumental role = males provide financial support
      • Expressive role = females provide emotional support
    • PRIVATISED NUCLEAR FAMILY
      • GEOGRAPHICAL MOBILITY
        • people commute to work - nuclear family better
      • SOCIAL MOBILITY
        • people can move up/down social scale compared to family they were born into - extended family will be in different jobs, education, lifestyle etc. weak relations
      • GROWTH IN INCOME
        • people are better off today - less dependence on kin for support in distress
      • GROWTH IN MERITOCRACY
        • contemporary society requires more skills & education & are more meritocratic - what you know not who you know - extended family less to offer - reduces reliance
      • ECONOMIC & STATUS DIFFERENCES
        • different occupations, incomes, lifestyles of extended family who live together - source of conflict & instability
    • THE KIBBUTZ
      • professional parent
      • role of natural parent limited - short periods each day
      • move through a series of homes, with others of same age until adulthood
      • one of the most important attempts to find an alternative to conventional family structures

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